The basic Convention covering this right is the Right of Association and the Right to Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98). The MNE statement contains detailed guidelines on collective bargaining in its section on industrial relations (ss. 49-56). In Sweden, around 90% of employees are covered by collective agreements and 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden has no legislation on minimum wages or laws to extend collective agreements to disorganized employers. Unorganized employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many are not. The Swedish model of self-regulation applies only to companies and workers covered by collective agreements.  Consultation should not be seen as a substitute for collective bargaining. A collective agreement, collective agreement (CLA) or collective agreement (CLA) is a written contract negotiated by one or more unions with the management of a company (or employers` organisation) that governs workers` working conditions.
This includes regulating workers` wages, benefits and obligations, as well as the obligations and responsibilities of the employer or employer, and often involves rules relating to the dispute settlement procedure. Workers have the right to elect their representative for the purposes of collective bargaining.  In order to facilitate effective participation in the negotiation process, facilities should be made available to workers` representatives to prepare negotiations.  The 1998 ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work reaffirms the importance of effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining. Governments should consult with the relevant employers` and trade union organizations when setting minimum benefits and the minimum number of workers needed for their performance, in order to ensure that the minimum level of service does not lead to the ineffectiveness of the strike due to its limited effects.  Differences of opinion regarding the setting of these minimums should be settled by an independent body and not by the Ministry of Labour or the ministry or (public) enterprise concerned.  In most countries, there are laws or regulations that govern the pursuit of union recognition and whether existing collective agreements would remain in force in the event of closure or transfer of ownership. . . .